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Yunnan High-Speed Rail Era Is Coming

We all know that Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail and Yunnan-Guangxi high-speed rail will be put into operation by the end of this year. It can be said that this year people in Yunnan are highly anticipating the day to come. And from now on, Yunnan Province will enter a 15-year period of rapid development of high-speed rail! And we find out that in 2020, Yunnan people could be able to go to Hong Kong by high-speed rail. 

Take the high-speed train from Kunming to Hong Kong 

In the two sessions this year, the National Economic and Social Development 13th Five-Year Plan Outline (Draft) is submitted to NPC deputies and CPPCC members for discussion. The draft of more than 80,000 words covers the total of all aspects of development planning in China from 2016 to 2020. The Draft: to increase the high speed railway network, to run through the high speed railway channel of Harbin-Beijing -Hong Kong (Macau), Lianyungang-Urumqi, Shanghai-Kunming, Guangzhou-Kunming, and to construct Beijing-Hong Kong, Hohhot-Nanning, Beijing-Kunming, Baotou Yinchuan-Haikou, Qingdao-Yinchuan, Lanzhou (Xining)-Guangzhou, Beijing-Lanzhou, Chongqing-Xiamen high speed railway channels in order to expand regional connection lines. High-speed railway mileage will reach 30,000 kilometers, covering more than eighty percent major cities.

According to the draft, in the next five years, high-speed rail will be built from Beijing to Hong Kong. 

Because by 2020, China will build the Beijing-Hong Kong (Macau), Shanghai-Kunming, Guangzhou-Kunming high speed railway channels. 

So by then you don’t need to take the flight from Beijing to Hong Kong or Macao, but you will reach your destinations after a short sleeping time. 

With the completion of Beijing-Kunming high-speed rail, people in Kunming can take the high-speed train from Kunming to Beijing, and then take the high-speed train from Beijing to Hong Kong! 

Beijing-Kunming high-speed rail is from Beijing to Zhengzhou, Chongqing and Kunming, as of now, Beijing-Zhengzhou section is shared with Beijing-Guangzhou high-speed rail, and the Zhengzhou-Chongqing high-speed section is under construction. Chongqing-Kunming high-speed rail, namely Chongqing-Kunming high-speed rail Yunnan section will be started this year. “For Chongqing-Kunming high-speed rail is part of the Beijing-Kunming line, like the Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail is constructed and operated by segmentation, Beijing-Kunming high-speed rail is also constructed and operated by segmentation.” said the relevant people.

So, at the end of this year, with the opening of Shanghai - Kunming high-speed rail and Yunnan - Guangxi high-speed rail, Kunming will be connected with the cities that have high-speed rail operation through the national high-speed network. Imagine that Kunming to Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou direct high-speed rail should be operated. 

However, according to relevant people, so far, the plan of whether Kunming would be the departing station for high speed trains hasn’t come out yet.

 But anyway, by transfer or direct line, at the end of the year, it is no doubt that you can reach domestic cities with access to high-speed rail from Kunming, while apparently you can also take high-speed train from Kunming to Beijing. And from the information available, you can reach Beijing from Kunming within 10 hours by high speed rail if the direct line between the two cities open by then. 

A speeding bullet train will not only change the way people travel, but also subvert people's conception of time and space. High-speed rail will bring about different life ways on people’s daily life: relationship forming, employment choosing, housing, traveling and consuming, etc. 

Life will be changed by high-speed rail -- have breakfast in Hong Kong in the morning, and eat rice noodle in the afternoon in Kunming 

"Have breakfast in Hong Kong in the morning, eat rice noodle in the afternoon in Kunming, and watch the flag - rising ceremony in the morning in Beijing" become possible. Thus, the life of the Yunnan people will be changed as the result of the development of the high speed rail. 

The US magazine Newsweek said that high-speed rail is changing “people’s idea of their inhabited continent.” 

High-speed rail not only brings about changes in the way we travel, but also subverts our old conception of time and space. But now, when people travel, they judge the actual distance of traveling by the time they spend during the journey. Therefore, taking high speed rail will make people’s concept of distance shorter than they thought it will be. 

After Kunming-Shanghai high-speed rail is opened, People will no longer talking about that there are nearly 2400 kilometers between the two cities or how far it is as they talked before, but they w[FS:Page]ould say that there are only several hours away between the two cities. 

The total length of Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail is 2,264 kilometers; it has the longest east-west line mileage in China, including three passenger dedicated lines, namely Shanghai-Hangzhou, Hangzhou-Changsha and Changsha-Kunming. So far, Shanghai-Guiyang section of Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail is fully opened, only the Yunnan section is still under construction. Shanghai-Kunming high-speed rail Yunnan section has 184.7 kilometers in length and will be opened before the end of the year. The high speed rail marks a new era in Yunnan’s transportation. After its completion, it will only take 8 to 10 hours from Yunnan to Shanghai. And it will be the first time for the two cities to have high speed rail between them. 

By the year 2020, the total railway operation mileage will reach 5,000 kilometers in Yunnan Province and strive for 6,000 kilometers. Among them, the provincial high-speed rail will reach 1,700 kilometers, and achieve three major objectives that all prefectures and cities have access to railway (individual prefecture and cities under construction), urban agglomeration in central Yunnan has high-speed rail access, and populous prefectures (with 3 million or more population) and major tourist areas have accessibility to high-stand railway. 

Above is the plan of Railway in Yunnan Province -- Medium and Long Term Plan and 13th Five-Year Railway Network Plan which has recently submitted and approved. 

Yunnan railway will meet its golden opportunity

It is understood that as of 2015, road network density of Yunnan province is 76 km per 10,000 km2, 0.62 km of railway per 10,000 people, lower than the national average and surrounding provinces. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” Yunnan railway operation mileage reaches 2,930 kilometers. At present, the province's 14 railway projects are under construction for a total of 2,560 kilometers. Especially with the completion of Shanghai - Kunming high-speed rail Yunnan section and Yunnan - Guangxi railway and other projects this year, Yunnan high-speed rail mileage achieves a major breakthrough and enters into the era of high-speed rail. 

 

Railway Data

Current:

During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” Yunnan railway operation mileage reaches 2,930 kilometers.

The province's 14 railway projects are under construction for a total of 2,560 kilometers.

By 2020

The province's railway operation mileage will reach 5,000 kilometers and strive for 6,000 kilometers.

Among which the high-speed railway operation mileage would reach 1,700 km.

By 2030

The province's railway operation mileage will be over 8,000 km.

The total size of railroad network will be about 10,000 km (containing about 2,000 km under construction).

The total size of high-speed rail will be about 3,100 km.

Achieving smooth connection between provinces, neighboring countries and border areas.

While the "13th Five-Year Plan" period is a golden opportunity to accelerate the development of railway in Yunnan. 

2020: 16 prefectures and cities of the province will have railway connections

The province's railway operation mileage will reach 5,000 kilometers and strive for 6,000 kilometers. Among which the high-speed railway operation mileage is 1,700 km. In the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, we will speed up the construction of 14 railway projects such as Dali - Ruili, Lijiang-Shangri-La, and Chengdu-Kunming railway capacity, expansion Yongchen-Guangtong segment, Xuyong-Bijie and start the railway projects such as Panzhihua-Dali (Lijiang), Mengzi-Wenshan and Baoshan-Liuku. Until 2020, the province’s normal speed railway operation mileage will reach 4,347 kilometers, and 16 prefectures and cities of the province will realize railway connections (some are still under construction). 

2030: Eight outgoing provincial trunk will be fully established 

The province's railway operation mileage will be over 8,000 km, and the total length of railroad network will be about 10,000 km (containing about 2,000 km under construction); the total length of high-speed rail will be about 3,100 km, achieving smooth connections to provinces, neighboring countries and border areas. “Eight outgoing” provincial trunk channels of Guiyang-Kunming, Chengdu-Kunming,

Nanning-Kunming, Neijiang-Kunming, Shanghai-Kunming passenger railway line, Yunnan-Guangxi, Chongqing-Kunming, Yunnan-Tibet will be fully established. And the travel time from Kunming to Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou will be shortened to 7.5 to 9 hours, and the travel time from Kunming to neighboring provincial capitals like Guiyang, Chongqing, Chengdu, Nanning will be shortened to 1.7 to 3.1 hours. China-Vietnam exit channel, China–Laos-Thailand exit binary channel, China–Myanmar[FS:Page]–Bangladesh-India channel has basically taken shape, and it will take 5 to 6 hours from Kunming to Hekou, Mohan, Ruili, Qingshui River and Houqiao port. 

The speed of the high-speed rail

At present, Yunnan is seeking to start the construction of Chenggong-Chengjiang–Jiangchuan-Hongta, and Dali-Lijiang and other intercity high-speed rail projects. The provincial government has approved the formation of Yunnan Intercity Rail Investment Holding Company, which has a register capital of 5 billion yuan. 

2020: To build 500 kilometers of intercity high-speed rail 

It's planned that by the year 2020 the provincial’s total railway operation mileage will reach 1,700 km (about 1,200 km state-led and 500 km Yunnan-led intercity high-speed rail). 

It takes no longer than 1 hour from Kunming to Qilin District of Qujing City, central Yunnan, Hongta District of Yuxi City, Chuxiong City, and Mile City of Honghe Prefecture.    

Zhaotong, Wenshan, Dali, Lijiang will realize high-speed rail coverage. 

The three prefectures and cities of Pu Er, Xishuangbanna and Lincang are connected by 160 km/h fast railway. Baoshan, Dehong (Ruili) are connected by 140 km/h high-speed railway.

Among the top 50 of the province's economic aggregates, sixty percent county-level economic zones, seventy percent 5A-level scenic spots and sixty percent 4A-level scenic spots will have high-speed railway connections.

New railway projects like Panzhihua-Dali (Lijiang), Mengzi-Wenshan, Baoshan-Liuku will put into operation.

The normal-speed railway mileage within the province seeks to reach 4,347 km.

16 prefectures of the province will have railway connections by then (some of them are under construction). 

2030: Shortened time-space distance within Yunnan

By 2030, the province's total installed capacity of high-speed railway will be about 3,100 km (intercity railway about 1,500 km), and the time-space distance of the province will be greatly shortened.

"Eight outgoing" provincial trunk channels of Guiyang-Kunming, Chengdu-Kunming, Nanning-Kunming, Neijiang-Kunming, Shanghai-Kunming railway line, Yunnan-Guangxi, Chongqing-Kunming, Yunnan-Tibet will be fully established.

The travel time of the train from Kunming to Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou will be shortened to 7.5 to 9 hours.

The travel time of the train from Kunming to the neighboring provincial capitals like Guiyang, Chongqing, Chengdu and Nanning will be shortened to 1.7 to 3.1 hours.

China-Vietnam exit channel, China-Laos-Thailand exit binary channel and China-Myanmar-Bangladesh -India channel has basically taken shape.

It takes 5 to 6 hours from Kunming to Hekou, Mohan, Ruili, Qingshui River and Houqiao port. 

High-speed rail economy 

Afterwards, with the development of high-speed rail, tourism promotion events for the cities along the high-speed rail will be held in Kunming. And a series of preferential policies for travel to Kunming by high-speed train will be introduced and exquisite tourism routes that highlight Kunming’s character will be specially designed. 

To double the visitors’ annual growth rate 

It's indicated by Kunming Municipal Commission of Tourism Development during an interview to the Spring City Hotline that after the high-speed rail is put into operation, annual tourists’ growth in Kunming will surge from 10.25 % to 20%. New tourists to Kunming will be about 7.6 million in 2017. And the daily average number of new visitors will be about 21,000 people, and in 2020 the number of tourists to Kunming will reach 150 million, including nearly 30 million visitors brought about by high-speed train. 

To build 20 hotels in Chenggong

The main tourist service center of Kunming’s South High-Speed Railway Station will be built, which will have the reception capacity of average 20,000 people daily, as well as the Shilin Dadieshui visitor service sub-center with average of 10,000 people daily and a number of tourist services. Around Kunming South Station, 20 business hotels, resort hotels and country hotels will be built in Chenggong New Area, including 5 hotels of star-level, which will ensure that 3,125 guest rooms and 5,000 beds will be added during high season, among which the star hotels will provide up to 1,250 beds. 

200 A-class tourist toilets will be built next year 

Kunming has already started to receive more tourists. Next year, all 200 national A - class tourist toilets in Kunming will be constructed, and they are considered as the new image of the city. In the future, Kunming will accelerate the upgrading and reconstruction of old resort areas such as Shilin, Jiuxiang scenic spots, and Jiaozi Mountain will strive to have four 5A-class tourist attractions by 2020, and to make Jiaozi Mountain to be acknowledged as a national park; and to promote Green [FS:Page]Lake, Yunnan Military Academy, Citic Jialize and other scenic areas as the national A-level scenic spots. Within the next three years, Kunming will build 20 self-drive camps of different sizes and different types. 

 

 【来源:春城晚报】